Endgültiges Heil innerhalb von Geschichte und Gegenwart
Zukunftskonzeptionen in Ez 38–39, Joel 1–4 und Sach 12–14
1. Edition 2010
Bonn University Press at V&R unipress
Bonner Biblische Beiträge -
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Normally the so-called proto-apocalyptic texts Ez 38-39, Joel 1-4 and Zech 12-14 are understood as the first step to apocalypticism. But they contain independent conceptions of the future, which rarely are perceived in their intrinsic value. These texts originated in the late Persian and in the Hellenistic Period are placed at central positions of the composition of the Books of Ezekiel and of the Twelve Prophets, from where they radiate in their contexts. They expect the assault of the nations, which is stroke back by YHWH. They hope for the final establishment of God’s universal kingdom which is accompanied by the renewal of Israel. The future fate of the nations is described differently: as total extermination or as the order for the pilgrimage of the nations.
In their expectation of the future the texts distinguish between a near and a remote future. In the near future God will turn the immediate distress away. In the remote future he will establish his everlasting kingdom. In contrast to apocalyptic texts they don’t distinguish between two aeons, but they expect the future salvation within this historical period.